It is possible to save the Baltic Sea!
Man is the biggest threat!
The Baltic Sea is surrounded by 9 countries and 15 major cities along an 8,000 km long coastline. The marine environment is affected by almost 85 million people and diverse political, social and economic realities. On a daily basis, we release large amounts of waste and pollution in the form of nutrients (nitrogen and phosorus), microplastics, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, heavy metals and other substances that affect the environment. A large proportion ends up in the Baltic Sea, and due to low water exchange, toxins remain for a long time.
The situation is critical!
While human impact on the environment increases, there are also major changes in the eco-system. Fish stocks have been seriously affected, the Baltic Sea cod as a top predator is in great danger. One of its recurring troubles is algal blooms that render the water toxic and the seabed dies from lack of oxygen. There has been significant declines in several wild life species and many have environmental damage in the form of tumors and other deformities as well as reproductive problems. Along the Swedish northern coast the eagles have once again started to lay bad eggs, and the common eider bird has all but disappeared from the arcipelago.
The ecosystem can recover!
Fortunately, most ecosystems can recover – but for that to happen, environmental degradation must cease! Many different measures need to be implemented, and it is urgent, so all parties concerned must combine forces. If we decide to work together there is still time to save the Baltic Sea and its unique eco system.